From 1763 until the Canadian Citizenship Act came into force on January 1, 1947, people born in Canada were all British subjects. Since immigrants born in Great Britain and the Commonwealth were already British subjects, they had no need to become naturalized or to obtain British citizenship in Canada.
A number of earlier laws governed naturalization before 1947. Under these acts, aliens could petition for naturalization. If successful, they would swear allegiance to the British sovereign and would be granted the rights of someone born within the British Empire. These acts include:
- The Local Act also known as Law of Naturalization and Allegiance implemented on May 22, 1868.
- The Naturalization and Aliens Act of 1881 by which the Secretary of State was empowered to issue naturalization certificates to government employees. All other requests for naturalization were handled by provincial courts.
- The Naturalization Act of 1914 which gave full responsibility for the issuance of naturalization certificates to the federal Department of Citizenship and Immigration, implemented in 1916.
Family History Centers (FHCs) are units of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). There are more than 4,800 FHCs in 134 countries. The centers supply resources for research and study of genealogy and family history. In the Toronto area there are two FHCs. You do not have to be a member of the church to use the Family History Center’s facilities. It operates much like a public library and is open to the public. However, you must call the local FHC beforehand to let the volunteer staffers know that you wish to use their facilities. Their hours are set by times convenient for their volunteers—so you must determine the dates and times the FHC is open. Continue reading
Step One: Locate their birthplace.—What if your ancestors came from a small town or village and you don’t know the exact name of that town? This information is vital to your research. You can’t write to Ukraine for civil or church records unless you know exactly where your ancestor(s) lived. If you don’t have a relative who can direct you but your ancestor died in Canada, then they would have left a “paper trail.” This you can search for their town of origin. There are a number of documents, which may reveal the name of the village/town, such as their: Naturalization papers, Marriage Records, Death Records, Church Records, Cemetery Records and Funeral Home Records
Step Two: Locate the village/Town in a Gazetteer—Once you know the exact name of their town, then you can consult a Gazetteer. This will tell the Continue reading
Ronald T. Gandy
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Have you ever lost your car on a parking lot? It happens. You park and go shopping. When you get back, you don’t have a clue where your car is. Then you start roaming around clicking on the panic button on your car keys so the alarm goes off. It can be frustrating, especially on a hot, sunny day.
We thank Ernie Chorny for submitting the following article.
After World War II the Polish and Soviet governments put in place a policy to relocate Poles from Western Ukraine to Poland and simultaneously relocate Ukrainians from Polish territory to Ukraine.
Since theoretically there would not be any Poles in Ukraine it was decided to also move the Roman Catholic church records to Poland. While the church records listed marriage, birth and death information for Roman Catholics, they also included information on Greek Catholics where intermarriage had occurred between people of these two faiths. Thus in the case of a Greek Catholic Ukrainian man marrying a Roman Catholic woman, the marriage would be recorded in the Roman Catholic books. Conversely if a Roman Catholic man married a Greek Catholic woman, the record would be in the Greek Catholic books. No doubt there were exceptions to these rules. Continue reading
Chrystia Freeland, Canada’s new foreign affairs minister is descendant of Ukrainians and fierce critic of Vladimir Putin’s wars
Seen from Ukraine, the news from North America at the beginning of the year was promising.
Chrystia Freeland was sworn in as Canada’s new minister of foreign affairs on Jan. 10.
She is the proud descendant of Ukrainians and a fierce critic of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s wars in Ukraine and his annexation of Crimea in 2014. She has written of his “revanchist policy” and called his characterization of Ukrainians as dupes of NATO, even neo-Nazis, “his most dramatic resort to the Soviet tactic of the Big Lie.” Continue reading